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LOCATION OF NESTORIAN

BISHOPS AND METROPOLITANATES

 

Mingana, Early Spread of Christianity, 24-36, 73-76; supplemented by  Atiya, History of Eastern Christianity, 265-266; Moffett, History  of Christianity in Asia, 464; Stewart, Nestorian Missionary Enterprise, 84-85; and Vine, Nestorian Churches, cited in Moffett,  372.

Province/Country

City/Town

Bishop (Date)(1)

Metropolitan (Date)

Abiward/Baward

(NW of Khurasan)

  

Bishop (554)

  

Khurasan

Abrashahr/Iran Shahr (modern  Nishapur)

Bishop (424)

  

Adiabene

Erbil

  

Metropolitan before 500?(2)

Tabaristan (N of Damawand)

Amul

Bishop (554)

  

Armenia

  

  

Metropolitan (779-823): 13th in rank

Arran (W of Caspian Sea)

Barda

Bishop (420)

Metropolitan (c. 900)

Atropatene (Azerbaijan)

Taurisium

  

Metropolitan before 500?(3)

Badisi/Badhgis (N of Herat)

  

Bishop (585)

  

  

Bukhara

  

Metropolitan before 8th century

  

Bushanj (W of Herat)

Bishop (585)

  

China (Sin & Masin)

Chang-an/Hsian-fu (Xi'an)

  

Metropolitan (628-643 or 712-728?)(4): 11th or 14th in rank?(5)

Dailumaye/Beith (near Caspian  Sea)

Mukar

Bishop (225)

Metropolitan (c. 780)

Damascus

Damascus

  

Metropolitan (before end of 7th century)

Sijistan

Farah

Bishop (544)

  

Fars

Rewardashir

  

Metropolitan (399-410 or 415-420)(6): 6th in rank

Garamea

Beit Garmai, later Shahrzur or Karkh/Kirkuk

  

Metropolitan (325-341): 5th in rank

Khurasan

Herat

Bishop (424)

Metropolitan (628-643 or 712-728?)(7): 9th in rank?

Halwan

Halwan

  

Metropolitan (628-643)(8): 8th in rank

India

Patna?

  

Metropolitan (628-643 or 712-728?)(9): 10th or 15th in  rank?

Java

  

  

Metropolitan (1503)(10): 15th in rank?

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Bishop (835)

Metropolitan (1065)

Jilan/Gilan (SW coast of Caspian Sea)

  

Bishop(554)

  

Jundishapur (Elam?)

Beit Lapat/ Jundishapur

Bishop (225)

Metropolitan (290-325)(11): 1st in rank

Jurjan (SE coast of Caspian  Sea)

  

Bishop (497)

  

Kadistan (near Herat)

  

Bishop (585)

  

China/Turkestan

Kashgar & Nuakith

  

Metropolitan (1180)(12): 27th in rank

Hyrcania (on Caspian Sea)

Khamlikh/Halah

Bishop (???)

  

China

Khan Balik & Falik (Peking)

Bishop

Metropolitan (1248): 25th in rank

China (north China)

Khatai

  

Metropolitan (1063)

China/Turkestan

Kumul/Hami

Bishop (1266)

  

Khurasan

Merv

Bishop (334)

Metropolitan (399-410 or 415-420)(13): 7th in rank

  

Merv-ar-Rud (S of Merv)

Bishop (544)

  

Mosul (Assyria?)

Mosul

  

Metropolitan (290-325)(14): 4th in rank

Nisibis/Beit 'Arbaye

Nisibis

  

Metropolitan (290-325): 2nd in rank

Patriarchalis

Kashkar

  

Metropolitan before 500?(15)

Qatar

Qatar

Bishop (225)

  

Rayy

Rayy (near Teheran)

Bishop (424)

Metropolitan (c. 778)

Sijistan

Rukhut

Bishop (544)

  

Turkestan

Samarkand

possibly same as Bishopric of Turkestan established  for the Hephthalite Huns in 549?

Metropolitan (628-643 or 712-728?)(16): 12th or 21st in rank?

Sijistan

  ???

Bishop (424)

  

Syria

  

  

Metropolitan (779-823): 14th in rank

China (Gansu Province)

Tangut

possibly same as Bishopric established by Timothy for  Tibet in 781?

Metropolitan: 26th in rank

Teredon (Prath Maishan)

Basrah

Bishop (225)

Metropolitan (290-325): 3rd in rank

Tibet

  

Bishop (781)

  

Turkestan (Hephthalite Huns)

  

Bishop (549)

Metropolitan (781?): 10th or 22nd in rank?

Khurasan

Tus (near Mashad)

Bishop (497)

  

Yemen

  

Bishop (779-823)

  

Sijistan

Zaranj

Bishop (544)

  

1. All dates are the earliest recorded date a bishop or  metropolitan is mentioned. Some dates are given as specific years and others are recorded as "during the patriarchate of _________" and therefore are indicated as a range of years.

2. According to Vine. Moffett gives this as the 4th in rank.

3. According to Vine.

4. Other dates mentioned in some sources are 410-415 or  505-523, but these seem too early to be accurate. Vine gives the date as about 636.

5. Rankings differ according to different sources.

6. Vine gives the date as between 500 and 650; Moffett gives it as 554.

7. Other dates mentioned in some sources are 410-415 or  505-523, but these seem too early to be accurate.

8. Vine gives the date as 754, but Moffett gives it as 642.

9. Other dates mentioned in some sources are 410-415 or  505-523, but these seem too early to be accurate. Vine gives the date as about 800.

10. Java must have had a metropolitan long before this, the  earliest date on record.

11. Vine gives the date as 834.

12. Mingana thinks that there was actually a metropolitan  here as early as 650 AD.

13. Moffett gives the date as 554.

14. Vine gives the date as 651.

15. According to Vine.

16. Other dates mentioned in some sources are 410-415 or 505-523, but these seem too early to be accurate. Vine gives the date as 781.

 

 


 

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